NameSir James Alexander Lougheed KCMG, PC 447,451,452
Birth1 Sep 1854, Brampton, Ontario, Canada
Death2 Nov 1925, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Burial8 Nov 1925, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
OccupationPolitican; Senator for the Northwest Territories and Alberta
HonorsKnight Commander of the Order of St. Michael and St. George
HonorsMember of the Queen’s Privy Council for Canada
FatherJohn Lougheed (ca1821-)
MotherMary Ann Alexander (ca1831-)
Spouses
Birth1859
Death1936
FatherWilliam Lucas Hardisty (ca1822-1881)
Marriage16 Sep 1884, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
ChildrenClarence H. (1885-1933)
 Norman Alexander (1889-1963)
 Edgar D. (ca1894-1951)
 Douglas (1901-1931)
 Marjorie Yoland (Died as Child) (1905-1917)
Notes for Sir James Alexander Lougheed KCMG, PC
From the Wikipedia article:

Sir James Alexander Lougheed, KCMG , PC (1 September 18542 November 1925) was a businessman and politician from Alberta, Canada.
Lougheed (IPA: /ˈlɑːhiːd/ or /lɑːˈhiːd/) was born in Brampton, Canada West, to Irish Protestant parents. The family moved to Toronto when Lougheed was a child, and he grew up in some of the poorest neighbourhoods in that city. He followed his father into the carpentry trade at a very young age, but on his mother's insistence he returned to school. He studied law and was sworn in as a solicitor in 1881.
In 1882 Lougheed moved with his brother to Winnipeg, Manitoba, and then to Medicine Hat, Northwest Territories, following the newly laid Canadian Pacific Railway main line. One year later he moved to Calgary, then at the end of the CPR line.
He started a legal practice in Calgary in the fields of real estate and transportation law, with the CPR as one of his main clients. He also invested heavily in real estate and opened a brokerage firm. His Lougheed Building in downtown Calgary still stands: it included a theatre which in 2006 became The GRAND.
In 1891 he and his wife, the former Belle Hardisty, built a palatial mansion called Beaulieu in what is now the Beltline district of Calgary. Beaulieu became the centre of Calgary's social scene, as the Lougheeds welcomed oil millionaires, politicians, royalty, and entertainment stars to their home. He and Belle had six children, four boys and two girls.
Lougheed had been a member of the federal Conservative Party since his days in Toronto, and had campaigned for Sir John A. Macdonald. Even so, his appointment to the Senate on 10 December 1889 (replacing his father-in-law, who had died) came as a surprise to many, as Lougheed was only 35 years old at the time. However, he gained the respect of both his fellow senators and his fellow Westerners due to his staunch support of Western interests and his political abilities. Lougheed spent the next 30 years living both in Ottawa and in Calgary.
In order to protect his legal interests, he brought a young lawyer from New Brunswick named R.B. Bennett to Calgary. Bennett and Lougheed worked together for over 20 years until an acrimonious dispute between the senator and the future prime minister caused each to go his own way. In the 1890s
Lougheed emerged as the West's strongest voice in the Senate. He was constantly in the position of having to remind members of the Upper Chamber of the realities of life in the western provinces and territories (Alberta at the time being part of the Northwest Territories). He spoke out fiercely against certain provisions in the act creating the province of Alberta, and declared that it would be better to remain a territory than to have what he called archaic education statutes forced on the province.
In 1906, he became Leader of the Opposition in the Senate. The Conservatives were in opposition for many of Lougheed's early years as a senator. He was knighted by George V in 1916, becoming the only Albertan ever to receive the honour.
When the Conservatives took power following the 1911 election, he became Leader of the Government in the Senate and minister without portfolio in the government of Sir Robert Borden. He was made Chairman of the Military Hospitals Commission in 1915, and, as a reward for this service, was knighted in 1916 (Order of St Michael and St George).
After Borden formed his wartime Union government, he appointed Lougheed as Minister of Soldiers' Civil Re-establishment in 1918. From 1920 until the Conservative Party's defeat in the 1921 election, Lougheed also served as Minister of Mines, Minister of the Interior and Superintendent-General of Indian Affairs in the government of Arthur Meighen.
With the Liberals in power, Lougheed resumed his position as Leader of the Opposition in the Senate until his death in 1925, aged 70.
Lougheed was a strict conservative in many ways. He held the virtually ubiquitous Western view that First Nations people were essentially unintelligent children who needed white control in order to survive; this even though (or perhaps because) his own mother-in-law was from a First Nation. He adhered to a strict interpretation of the British North America Act, was against women voting, disliked social innovations, and believed Canada's future was as a subordinate nation in the British Empire.
Lougheed was also a successful businessman through his real estate, newspapers, and other ventures in Calgary. He was a staunch advocate of provincial status for what became Alberta and argued that the province rather than the federal government should have control of natural resources. This argument was carried on by his grandson, Peter Lougheed, when he was premier of Alberta in the 1970s and 1980s.
Sir James Lougheed died of pneumonia, aged 71, in the Ottawa Civic Hospital, and was buried in Calgary on 8 November 1925.
Last Modified 21 Aug 2008Created 4 Jul 2017 using Reunion for Macintosh